lose relative of Mexico's
psychoactive species, Psilocybe semilanceata is
a mushroom whose physical appearance
resembles Psilocybe semperviva Heim &
Cailleux and Psilocybe
Stalks generally single, sometimes clustered, from two to four inches in
height, the thickness of a goose quill, thread shaped whitish almost solid, the
tube being very small, glutinous; ring, a little below the cap, scarce
“ Cap, from one to two inches in breadth, of a brown color; in the full. grown
ones hemispherical, always convex, and more or lets glutinous; wet with
rain, it becomes browner and transparent,'so that it sometimes appears
“ Gills numerous, single, of a brownish purple color, clouded; whole ones
about twenty, horizontal, three shorter ones placed betwixt them; they throw
out a powder of a brownish purple color."
With respect to the use of it, he only says, « There is nothing acrimonious Mail Condulineas Com Mx or
disagreeable in its taste, yet its appearance will not recommend it to the
lovers of mushrooms."
Figure 9 - Drawing and description of Psilocybe semilanceata
Mail Panpi Com Tw by J. Sowerby (London, 1803).
1733. A. semilanceatus Fries (Observ. II. pag. 178).
Synon. : Agaricus semiglobatus Sowerby (Engl. Fungi taf. 240.
fig. 1-3). Hut etwas hautig, spitz kegelfdrmig, fast zugespitzt, 11/2 Cent.
breit, 1/2 Cent. hock, feucht klebrig, fein streifig, gelb oder grunlich,
zah, mit Anfangs umgeknicktem Rande und leicht trennbarer Oberhaut.
Stiel zah, gebogen, 11 Cent. hock, kahl, blass.
Sporen ellptisch, hellbraun, 9 -16 u
lang, 4 - 9 u dick.
Ax Wegen, auf Grasphitzen, besonders wo Mist gelegen hat.
spitzkegeliger Kahlkopf (Psilocybe semilanceata). Kegel-glockenformig mit
papilenertiger spitze Hut-o,5-1 cm breit, bis 2cm hock, lehmfarben mit olivgrunem
Lamellen breit, oliv-lehmfarben, spater purpurbraun.
Stiel schlank, glanzend. - Gedungte Wiesen, Wegrander. Stellenweise.
Figure 10 - Two descriptions of Psilocybe semilanceata from the German-language
literature. The first description (top) was written over a hundred years ago, while the
second one (bottom) dates to 1962. Significantly, the more recent entry classifies the
species as "essentially worthless". Also see Figure 11.
mexicana Heim. Like Psilocybe semilanceata, these
Mexican species thrive in meadows and pastures.
Another common trait among these species is the
rather subdued and subtle quality of Mail Kiowa K12 Ok Us Loc Nl their bluing
reaction. Recognition of these similarities with
Mexican species sparked the curiosity of scientists
who wanted to learn more about Europe's
Psilocybe species. A research team that included
A. Hofmann and R. Heim began to study samples
of Psilocybe semilanceata, in collaboration with C.
Furrer, a mycologist who examined fruiting bodies
collected in Switzerland and France. By 1963,
paper chromatography testing had yielded data of
historic significance. For the first time, scientists
er a new therapy is
adopted, occasional mistakes are not uncommon
during the initial phases.
The medical use of
hallucinogenic substances was no exception.
However, our knowledge base and expertise on
essential practical procedures has grown
considerably since the pioneering days of
psycholytic therapy. Having learned from initial
errors, we can now prevent problems and avoid
Psilocybin as the Drug of Choice
Following its initial isolation and
discovery of its chemical structure, psilocybin
quickly joined the group of hallucinogens used in
therapeutic settings. The alkaloid was considered
to be quite safe, based on existing toxicological
data. H. Leuner still considers psilocybin the most
effective alkaloid for use as a pharmaceutical aid
in psychotherapy, despite recent progress in
developing other substances designed for
therapeutic applications, such as the substituted
phenethylamines like MDMA. Psilocybin's
reputation as a substance well suited for
psychotherapeutic applications is related to its
extremely low toxicity. Most importantly, dosages
below the 10 mg threshold can be measured with
accuracy. This is significant, because dosages of
up to 10 mg are not only known to be
therapeutically efficient, but effects within this
dosage range can always be brought under control.
The states of consciousness induced by psilocybin
last only five hours, on average, and thus can be
more conveniently utilized than altered states
caused by LSD, whose effects persist for much
longer time periods. LSD should be considered a
mail dove kh edu tw loc:NL difficult substance to work with, due to the
possible emergence of unwanted symptoms in a
small percentage of users and the prolonged
process of "coming down" when symptoms
subside. Unlike other hallucinogens, psilocybin
also has the advantage of almost never inducing
"hangovers" the day after experimental sessions.
It is important to note in this context that
all authors stress that hallucinogens are no
substitute for lack of skills on the part of the
therapist and that the usage of these substances
should remain limited to carefully selected cases.
Usage of hallucinogens "merely" shortens the
duration of psychoanalytic treatment, as problem
conflict areas surface faster and with greater
clarity, mediated by the process of selfexploration
and discovery that Mail Dirvision Ru Loc Nl is the essence of psychedelic
experiences. Repressed patterns of normal
behavior and reactions must be gradually reconstructed
within the therapist-patient
The capacity for emotional immersion into
one's own problems under the influence of a
psychoactive substance is provoked and amplified
by the emergence of memories, as well as the
elimination of the Me/You boundary. As this
process unfolds, the therapist gains valuable
insights into existing psychopathologies and
Mailtexicancom Still, in addition to providing
proper guidance for the patient, the therapist must
also be able to separate